KU experts can provide insight on 100th anniversary of World War I

Thu, 03/27/2014


Christine Metz Howard
KU News Service

LAWRENCE – June 28, 2014, marks the 100th anniversary of the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, an event that ignited World War I and went on to shape the 20th century. From World War I-era art to letters written in the trenches, the University of Kansas has resources that shed light on the war and its lingering influence. KU experts can speak to the lesser-studied Eastern Front, surveillance during the war, art and culture from 1914 to 1918, and the contributions that KU and Kansas made to the war effort. To showcase these resources and faculty experts, the university will host programs, conferences and other educational opportunities as part of the four-year World War I Centennial Commemoration.

The following KU faculty and staff are available to provide commentary on World War I and its legacy:

Stephen Goddard, senior curator for prints and drawings at the Spencer Museum of Art, has spent a decade acquiring art from the World War I era. Looking for art that went beyond wartime propaganda, Goddard has collected several thousand works for the museum. Prominent in the collection are the etchings of Henry de Groux, a Belgian-born artist whose work during the era vilified the act of war, but not its soldiers. In 2010, Goddard curated “Machine in a Void: World War I & the Graphic Arts,” which featured about 200 works. The museum is currently showing a portion of that collection in “Conversations XVIII: World War I."

Nathan Wood, associate professor of history, has studied modernity in Eastern Europe from the 1880s to the 1930s, examining how technology changed perception of space and time. He can speak to art, technology and culture during the wartime era. He also has researched the experiences of ordinary citizens along the Eastern Front, which was a much different war than the more commonly discussed Western Front. Currently Wood is working on a book that examines the attitudes in Poland toward bicycles, automobiles and airplanes from their introduction until World War II.

Erik Scott, assistant professor of history, is an expert on empire, migration and diaspora in 20th century Russia and Eurasia. He can speak about the Eastern Front in Russia and the Caucasus, the displacement of ethnic populations that resulted from the war, and the creation of nation-states that followed it.

“War World I shaped the course of the entire 20th century. It set up all the issues that came to the forefront in World War II and helped launch the revolution in Russia, which in the second half of the 20th century led to the Cold War,” Scott said.

Theodore Wilson is a professor of 20th century U.S. political, military and diplomatic history. In particular, Wilson has studied U.S. soldiers during the war, looking at who they were, how they were trained and how they experienced combat. World War I marked the country’s first full draft. He also has researched coalitions from the American perspective and how the U.S. involvement in the war differed from Britain and France’s experience. Wilson is the general editor of the University Press of Kansas series “Modern War Studies," which has published more than 300 original titles on military history, including numerous works on World War I.

Daniel Atkinson, assistant director for the Kansas African Studies Center, examines the influence the 19th century has on today’s African-American culture. In particular, Atkinson can speak to the transformation of jazz during the World War I era and the role of James Reese Europe, an early jazz bandleader and lieutenant with the Harlem Hellfighters. Europe directed a regimental band that traveled through France playing for British, French and American troops. The experience shaped artists who were part of the Harlem Renaissance and other great American jazz musicians.

Mike Reid, director of public affairs for KU Memorial Unions and director of the KU History Project, can talk about the influence the war had on KU. The war took the lives of 130 students and alumni, including the first American officer killed in the war, William Fitzsimons. In their honor, two of the campus’ most iconic structures, the Kansas Union and Memorial Stadium, were built. Reid also has information on basketball inventor and KU coach James Naismith’s involvement in the war. In his 50s, Naismith was sent to the front in an effort to provide recreational opportunities for the troops.

KU Libraries have a wealth of information and resources related to World War I. Curators and bibliographers oversee materials related to the war, the United States’ involvement and KU during the era.

Rich Ring, bibliographer for history, has guided the libraries’ acquisition of World War I materials for 35 years. The materials include personal narratives, memoirs, diaries and letter collections published since the beginning of the war and continuing today. Among the collection are more than 3,000 titles in English, French, German, Italian, Russian and other languages. About 400 of them were written by women involved in the war as doctors, nurses, canteen workers, ambulance drivers and other roles. Ring can speak about the beginning of the war, recent scholarly views on the conflict and the libraries’ personal accounts of the war. He also oversaw the Libraries’ website guide on World War I materials.

Sheryl Williams, curator of collections at the Kenneth Spencer Research Library, works with and can speak about materials that form the Kansas Collection. Included in the collection are materials related to the American experience during the war, especially Kansas. The collection includes letters written by soldiers to family in Kansas, diaries, photos, personal papers, WWI posters and state documents related to wartime home front issues. University Archives, located in Spencer, also has a wealth of materials related to KU during the war.

KU in the news
Christian Science MonitorThu, 08/21/2014
Columbia Journalism ReviewThu, 08/21/2014
Did you know the Spooner-Thayer Art Museum was KU’s first art museum? It opened more than 50 years before the Spencer Museum of Art that we know today. Learn more here: http://bit.ly/1oKmgXn Tags: Spencer Museum of Art #KUtbt #TBT #KUdiscoveries #Art #Museum #Gallery #VisualArt Photo credit: University Archives in Spencer Research Library.

ODYSSEY #KUresearch team looks for evidence of earliest inhabitants of Central Great Plains. http://t.co/otC58sYit3 http://t.co/cVwUDZsOsD
Poet offers insights to Jayhawk experience through wordplay "Welcome to KU. Where questions rest, in stacks of answers from the past. …" Listen to Topher Enneking, a spoken word poet and former KU football player, as he weaves the experience of KU and its traditions through this storytelling and wordplay performance. Learn more about KU traditions at http://www.ku.edu/about/traditions/. Welcome to KU. Where questions rest in stacks of answers from the past. Where dreams crawl out of bed And learn to walk Uphill both ways. Where freshmen stand on stilts And hang from the rafters, While the wheat waves In a fieldhouse Where the Phog rolls in Helping us to see Through the past into the future. Haunting hosts giving handouts in a heritage Too heavy to grasp til you add to it. So it may be born anew, Allowing our boots to stand in the ash of oppression’s hate But shine bright as the sun While war cries of warriors past Ring in our ears long after their battles are won. Memorials telling time, “you don’t have to stand still.” Because the top of the world Is just up that Hill. Where our natural history is an awe-struck echo Of world’s fair and equal Past, present and future, prelude and sequel. Where our flags fly above planes. Where we build in chalks that can’t be erased. Stone edifices made to last So you would walk Past their doors, down their halls And let your voice fill their room. Because only in empty silence can destruction loom. So stand tall. Wrap your arms around this crowd Sing our alma mater and sing it out loud. Let your voice sing in chorus and reach other nations Beckoning new Jayhawks to spark new collaborations Because you are the mortar that will hold these walls upright. Your future Your dreams are why Jayhawks did fight For the tradition before you Was merely prelude For what will come next now that you’re at KU.

One of 34 U.S. public institutions in the prestigious Association of American Universities
26 prestigious Rhodes Scholars — more than all other Kansas colleges combined
Nearly $290 million in financial aid annually
1 of 9 public universities with outstanding study abroad programs.
—U.S. News & World Report
46 nationally ranked graduate programs.
—U.S. News & World Report
Top 50 nationwide for size of library collection.
$260.5 million in externally funded research expenditures
23rd nationwide for service to veterans —"Best for Vets," Military Times